Ko Surin Nature Trail

manta ray whale shark nudibranch tropical sunset turtle

Hat Mai Ngam Nature Trail

This trail is about 2km long joins the two campsites the largest of the Surin Islands, it takes about an hour to walk.

On the trail, you will pass three kinds of forest:

  • Moist Evergreen Forest
  • Beach Forest
  • Swamp Forest

Some rare species of bird can be found with careful observation. Some such as the large green pigeon, the pied imperial pigeon, but most particularly the Nicobar pigeon, are found only on distant offshore islands in the Andaman Sea like Mu Ko Surin and Mu Ko Similan.

These are the stops and points of interest along the way:

  • Ao Chong Khat - Diving point with several species of fish.
  • Ficus altissima - A fig tree. Its ripe fruits are the food of several animals, including mouse deer, flying foxes, several types of bird and some larvae.
  • Shoreline Geology - A submerged shoreline, from this point, you can see Ko Pachumba or Ko Mangkon where there are many Spiny Lobsters.
  • The largest Alexandrian laurel (Calophyllum inophyllum) in Thailand.
  • Beach Forest - Found on lthe shore above high tide level. On the sandy beach, sea almond (Terminalia catappa), barringtonia racemosa, and scaevola taccada, and sometimes pandanus sp. are found. Fpomoea pes-capral cover the sand.
  • Freshwater Pond - The freshwater pond is a habitat of plants that looks similar to like elephants ears (Colocasia esulenta), fishtail palms (Caryota urens) and small animals like shrimps and fish.
  • Rattan Palm (Calamus sp.) - A palm that Morgan Sea Gypsies use to sew pandanus leaves together to make boat sails and thatches.
  • Mangrove Forest - A spawning ground and habitat for many animals. Mangrove helps prevent sediments from the land flowing into the sea. Vegetation in the mangrove forest has adapted for survival in salt water. For example, white mangrove (Ceriops tagal) and sonneratia caseolaris have a salt excreting gland on the leaf surface, rhizophorasl has succulent leaves for water storage and aerial roots to enable them to breathe above the suffocating mud.
  • Fig Tree - Source of food for wildlife such as birds, squirrels, and monkeys, especially in the dry season.
  • Licuala sp. - A species of palm found at the swamp edge or in deeper Swamp Forest. The fruit is a source of food for several animals.

See also the underwater nature trail.